Portrait of Gulian Verplanck,detail,1771.John Singleton Copley.
One Hundred Years ago: The Imperial Royal Family of Russia in 1913.
For 300 years the history of Russia was inextricably linked to that of one family: the Romanovs. Tracing their line back to Tsar Michael and claiming a divine right to reign, they shaped the history of Russia, for the better or for worse, over three centuries. Their influence defined the politics, society, art, and philosophy of the time and led to the establishment of Russia as one of the great world powers.
When they gathered to celebrate their tercentenary in 1913, the Romanovs’ grip on Russia had begun to loosen. The strain of World War I had spread unrest throughout Russia. On July 17th, 1918, three hundred and four years of the Romanovs ended when Tsar Nicholas II, his wife and five children were brutally murdered by a Bolshevik execution squad. - Source: The Romanovs: Ruling 1613-1917.
The year of 2013 is the Quatercentenary, 400th anniversary, of the founding of the Romanov Dynasty.
Emperor Joseph II with Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo of Tuscany - Pompeo Batoni. Detail.
last night i dreamt i had the same adventures that Gil had, omfg!!!! so i met Fitzgeralds, Hemingway, Gertrude, Dali, etc. It was awesome, i remember everything. holy #$%&asdfghjk! it was even better than film ‘cause i was there…with them. oh god, why…fuck you brain. the dream was so fucking real, i wanna go back *sobbing*
Elizabeth, known also as the Virgin Queen, was queen regent of England and Ireland from 1558 until her death. She was the only child of Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. One of Elizabeth’s first moves as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. It was expected that Elizabeth would marry and produce an heir so as to continue the Tudor line. She never did, however, despite numerous courtships. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity, and a cult grew up around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day. Elizabeth’s reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake.